America’s Longest War The United States And Vietnam, 1950-1975 6th Edition by George Herring –Test Bank
Chapter 1 A Dead-End Alley: The United States, France, and the First Indochina War, 1950-1954
1) The French colonial regime in Indochina centered on which of the following missions?
- A) Make the colonies and their people integral to France.
- B) Keep the colonies at an arm’s length from France.
- C) Prepare the colony for independence and a lasting alliance.
- D) Keep the people of Indochina in a state of desperate poverty.
2) During World War II, Ho Chi Minh and his Vietminh organization developed the strategy that would eventually force the French out of Vietnam. It included
- A) emphasizing the Vietminh’s commitment to Communism and social revolution.
- B) tapping Vietnamese nationalism, promising independence, and pledging democratic reforms.
- C) fighting other nationalist groups.
- D) collaborating with the Japanese.
- E) All of these.
3) This organization helped Ho Chi Minh wage guerrilla war against the Japanese during World War II.
- A) The Office of Strategic Services (OSS)
- B) The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
- C) The KGB
- D) The Chinese Nationalist government
- E) The British Secret Service
4) The French government sought to reassert its authority in Indochina following World War II for which of the following reasons?
- A) Control of Indochina would restore France’s faltering prestige.
- B) Indochina possessed valuable oil reserves.
- C) The French government feared that Vietnam would fall into anarchy in the absence of French rule.
- D) Continued French control of Indochina would prevent the USSR from dominating Southeast Asia.
- E) All of these.
5) What did U.S. officials recognize with the Japanese takeover of Vietnam in World War II?
- A) The region had vast mineral resources.
- B) Its people were ideologically aligned with Americans.
- C) The region was gateway to China, and the Philippines.
- D) The country was central for effective control of Japan.
6) American officials determined that they could not support Ho Chi Minh for the following reason.
- A) His close ties with Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek.
- B) His steadfast refusal to promise tax-free monopolies for U.S. imports.
- C) His deeply held Communist beliefs.
- D) His refusal to accept American military aid in 1947.
7) In 1950, this leader proved crucial for the formal Chinese and Soviet recognition of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
- A) Joseph Stalin
- B) Jawaharlal Nehru
- C) Chiang Kai-shek
- D) Mao Zedong
- E) Josep Tito
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