Clinical Manifestations And Assessment 7th Edition of Respiratory Disease by Terry Des Jardins – Test Bank
Chapter 01: The Patient Interview
Des Jardins: Clinical Manifestations and Assessment of Respiratory Disease, 7th Edition
- The respiratory therapist is conducting a patient interview. The main purpose of this interview is to:
|a.||review data with the patient.|
|b.||gather subjective data from the patient.|
|c.||gather objective data from the patient.|
|d.||fill out the history form or checklist.|
During the interview, the patient provides his or her opinion (subjective data) on the situation. The history should be done before the interview. Although data can be reviewed, that is not the primary purpose of the interview.
REF: p. 2
- For there to be a successful interview, the respiratory therapist must:
|a.||provide leading questions to guide the patient.|
|b.||be an active listener.|
|c.||reassure the patient.|
|d.||use medical terminology to show knowledge of the subject matter.|
The personal qualities that a respiratory therapist must have to conduct a successful interview include being an active listener, having a genuine concern for the patient, and having empathy. Leading questions must be avoided. Reassurance may provide a false sense of comfort to the patient. Medical jargon can sound exclusionary and paternalistic to a patient.
REF: p. 2
- Which of the following would NOT be found on a history form?
|e.||Health insurance provider|
Age, chief complaint, present health, and family history are typically found on a health history form because each can impact the patient’s health. Health insurance provider information, while needed for billing purposes, would not be found on the history form.
REF: pp. 1- 2
- The physical setting for the interview should provide for all of the following EXCEPT:
|a.||minimize or prevent interruptions.|
|b.||ensure privacy during discussions.|
|c.||interviewer is the same sex as the patient to prevent bias.|
|d.||be comfortable for the patient and interviewer.|
An interviewer of either gender, who acts professionally, should be able to interview a patient of either gender. The other listed options are important to have a successful interview.
REF: p. 2
- The respiratory therapist is conducting a patient interview. The therapist chooses to use open-ended questions. Open-ended questions allow the therapist to do all of the following EXCEPT:
|a.||gather information when a patient introduces a new topic.|
|b.||introduce a new subject area.|
|c.||begin the interview process.|
|d.||gather specific information.|
An open-ended question should be used to start the interview, introduce a new section of questions, and gather more information from a patient’s topic. Closed or direct questions are used to gather specific information.
REF: p. 3
- The direct question interview format is used to:
- speed up the interview.
- let the patient fully explain his or her situation.
- help the respiratory therapist show empathy.
- gather specific information.
|d.||1, 2, 3, 4|
Direct or closed questions are best to gather specific information and speed up the interview. Open-ended questions are best suited to let the patient fully explain his or her situation and possibly help the respiratory therapist show empathy.
REF: pp. 3-4
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