Ethics Jurisprudence and Practice Management in Dental Hygiene 3rd Edition by Vickie Kimbrough -Test Bank

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Edition: 3rd Edition

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Resource Type: Test bank

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Ethics Jurisprudence and Practice Management in Dental Hygiene 3rd Edition by Vickie Kimbrough -Test Bank

ISBN-10: 0131394924, ISBN-13: 978-0131394926

Chapter One Test

Name __________________________________________________

Multiple Choice/True-False:

  1. Utilitarianism is concerned with
  2. rights.
  3. duties.
  4. happiness.
  5. the total amount of happiness in the world.
  6. privileges.

 

  1. Kantian ethics is concerned with
  2. rights.
  3. duties.
  4. happiness.
  5. the total amount of happiness in the world.
  6. privileges.

 

  1. Virtue ethics is based on theories from various philosophers, such as
  2. Rawls.
  3. Kant.
  4. Socrates.
  5. none of the above.

 

  1. The first two utilitarian philosophers were
  2. Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill.
  3. Immanuel Kant and John Rawls.
  4. Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill.
  5. John Rawls and John Stuart Mill.

 

  1. Virtue ethics is based on
  2. character traits.
  3. rights.
  4. duties.
  5. privileges.

 

  1. Prima facie duties are determined by the present situation.
  2. true
  3. false

 

  1. Utilitarians are concerned with consequences when making ethical decisions.
  2. true
  3. false

 

  1. If person A has a right, then person B has a duty to ensure that right.
  2. true
  3. false

 

  1. A privilege is granted only if certain conditions are met.
  2. true
  3. false

 

  1. A deontological approach considers the benefit or happiness that would result from a decision, while a teleological approach does not consider the consequences.
  2. true
  3. false

 

 

Short Answer/Fill-in:

  1. A utilitarian who is concerned with individual acts is a/an ________ utilitarian.
  2. A utilitarian who is concerned with the best ways of acting in a given situation is a/an ________ utilitarian.
    3. The ethical studies that explore the nature of moral judgments and the structure of moral concepts are called ________.
  3. A ________ duty is a duty made obvious by the circumstances surrounding it.
  4. ________ is a position taken by a teleologist and is based on the notion that what matters is the result of an action.
  5. Kant’s ethics, or ________ theories, emphasize duties.
  6. Utilitarians view social justice as a means to ________.
  7. John Rawls is known for his theory of ________.
  8. Utilitarianism is a ________ theory.
  9. ________ ethics was advocated by early philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

 

Matching: Match the description to one of the terms listed below.
_____ 1. A type of normative ethics that judges an action by its consequences.
_____ 2. A valid claim earned by effort and hard work.
_____ 3. A type of consequentialist theory.
_____ 4. A branch of normative ethics that emphasizes duties.
_____ 5. A discipline consisting of thoughts and ideas about morality.
_____ 6. A branch of ethics that recommends specific actions it considers justified.
_____ 7. A moral position that includes consequentialist theories.
_____ 8. A type of ethics that emphasizes a person’s character traits.
_____ 9. An obligation or action that ought to be done regardless of consequences.
_____ 10. A valid claim guaranteed by a society.

  1. privilege f. ethics
  2. virtue g. deontology
  3. duty h. teleology
  4. right i. utilitarianism
  5. normative j. consequentialism

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