Test Bank For Ethics in Information Technology 4th Edition By George Reynolds

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Edition: 4th Edition

Format: Downloadable ZIP File

Resource Type: Test bank

Duration: Unlimited downloads

Delivery: Instant Download

Test Bank For Ethics in Information Technology 4th Edition By George Reynolds

ISBN-10: 1111534128, ISBN-13: 9781111534127

Chapter 1—An Overview of Ethics

 

Self Assessment Questions

  1. morality
  2. ethics
  3. vices
  4. code of principles
  5. morals
  6. respondeat superior
  7. reputation
  8. vision, leadership
  9. board of directors
  10. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  11. renew investors trust in corporate executives and their firm’s financial reports
  12. Code of Ethics
  13. social audit
  14. ethics training
  15. development of a problem statement
  16. utilitarian
  17. brainstorming

 

Discussion Questions

  1. There are many ethical issues about which people hold very strong opinions—abortion, gun control, and the death penalty, to name a few. If you were a team member on a project with someone whom you knew held an opinion different from yours on one of these issues, would it affect your ability to work effectively with this person? Why or why not?

You will meet many people in your lifetime who have opinions and values that are different from yours and it is important that you learn to get along with and be able to work effectively with such individuals.

 

  1. Identify two important life experiences that helped you define your own personal code of ethics.

Student answers will vary based on personal experiences.

 

  1. Do you think that the importance of ethical behavior in business is increasing or decreasing? Defend your position.

Student answers will vary based on personal experiences.  Students may point to the recent decline in the economy and the various CEOs that have been in the news for acting in an unethical manner as evidence that ethics in business is getting worse.

 

  1. Do you believe that an organization should be able to escape criminal liability for the acts of its employees if it has acted as a responsible corporate citizen, making strong efforts to prevent and detect misconduct in the workplace? Why or why not?

 

Student answers will vary, but students should think about the following in making their decision:

  • What was the corporation doing to prevent and detect misconduct in the workplace?
  • How egregious were the acts of its employees?
  • How did the organization respond once it detected misconduct by the employees?
  • Were the employees involved disciplined?

 

  1. The Ethics Resource Center identified five characteristics of a successful ethics program. Suggest a sixth characteristic, and defend your choice.

Possible answers might include:

  • employees are treated fairly
  • company conducts regular social audits
  • employees are able to report unethical behavior without fear of retaliation
  • employees regularly participate in ethics training

 

  1. Which incident has a greater negative impact on an organization: an unethical act performed by an hourly worker or the same act performed by a senior manager of the organization? Explain your answer. Should the hourly worker be treated differently than the senior manager who committed the unethical act? Why or why not?

An unethical act performed by a senior member of an organization could potentially have a much greater negative impact on an organization than the same act performed by an hourly worker.  Although an employer can be held responsible for the acts of its employees, senior members of organizations are expected to be highly trained, highly educated, and to uphold the highest of standards.  An hourly worker, on the other hand, might not have the same level of training, education, or knowledge and understanding of ethical standards that the senior member should have. Although both should be disciplined, it may be appropriate to treat the senior manager more harshly than the hourly worker. It is much more likely that unfavorable publicity will be generated by the senior member of the organization than the hourly worker and the public will expect to see disciplinary action taken.

 

  1. It is a common and acceptable practice for managers to hold people accountable to meet “stretch” goals, quotas, and budgets. How can this be done in a way that does not encourage unethical behavior on the part of employees?

Employees must have a knowledgeable resource with whom they can discuss perceived unethical practices.  The organization must have a code of ethics and the employees must know how and to whom they can report violations safely and without fear of retaliation.  Managers can set an example by communicating the code of ethics and using it in their own decision making.  Employees should be aware of sanctions for breaching the code of ethics.  Employees can be rewarded with bonuses of some sort when meeting ‘stretch’ goals while not violating their code of ethics.

 

  1. Describe a hypothetical situation in which the action you would take is not legal, but it is ethical. Describe a hypothetical situation where the action you would take is legal, but not ethical.

Several trends have increased the likelihood of unethical behavior. First, for many organizations, greater globalization has created a much more complex work environment that spans diverse cultures and societies, making it more difficult to apply principles and codes of ethics consistently. For example, numerous U.S. companies have moved operations to developing countries, where employees work in conditions that would not be acceptable in most developed parts of the world.

 

  1. It is easier to establish an ethical work environment in a nonprofit organization than in a for profit organization. State three facts or opinions that support this hypothesis. State three facts or opinions that refute the hypothesis.

Students answers will vary based on their beliefs or experiences with different organizations. Students may tend to agree that it is easier given that the board of directors in a nonprofit organization reports directly to the local communities that the nonprofit serves.

 

  1. This chapter discusses four approaches to dealing with moral issues. Which approach is closest to your way of analyzing moral issues? Now that you are aware of different approaches, do you think you might modify your approach to include other perspectives? Explain why or why not.

Responses will vary.

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