Test Bank For Holes Human Anatomy And Physiology 15th Edition by Shier
Hole’s Human Anatomy & Physiology, 15e (Shier)
Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
1) Signs of aging at the cellular level are (Select all that apply)
A) graying hair, waning strength, and wrinkles.
B) unrepaired DNA and abnormal proteins.
C) impaired cell division and the ability to break down and recycle worn cell parts. D) a fatty liver and clogged blood vessels.
2) An investigator who conducts an experiment to determine how temperature changes affect the rate at which the heart beats is most likely a(n)
3) Anatomy and physiology are difficult to separate because A) physiological functions depend on anatomical structures. B) physiological functions in an organism are ongoing.
C) body parts take up space.
D) our understanding of physiology is changing more than our understanding of anatomy.
4) The activities of an anatomist consist of ________, whereas those of a physiologist consist of
A) observing body parts; studying functions of body parts
B) conducting experiments; making microscopic examinations C) studying molecules; observing forms of the body parts
D) sketching; dissecting
5) The origin of the term “anatomy” is related to A) the Greek word for “function.”
B) the name of the first anatomist.
C) the Greek word for “cutting up.”
D) the function of internal organs.
6) The term “physiology” is related to A) the Latin for “physical shape.”
B) the structure of internal organs.
C) the Greek for “cutting up.”
D) the Greek for “relationship to nature.”
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D) the cell.
7) The recent discovery of taste receptors in the small intestine that detect sweetness illustrates that
A) chemical responses occur in only one part of the body.
B) new discoveries about anatomy and physiology are still being made.
C) everything there is to know about anatomy and physiology has been discovered. D) the molecular and cellular levels are of little interest in anatomy and physiology.
8) Which of the following is not true of organelles?
A) They carry on specific activities.
B) They are only in cells of humans.
C) They are composed of aggregates of large molecules. D) They are found in many types of cells.