Test Bank For Medical Emergencies Essentials for the Dental Professional 2nd Edition Grimes

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Edition: 2nd Edition

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Resource Type: Test bank

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Test Bank For Medical Emergencies Essentials for the Dental Professional 2nd Edition Grimes

ISBN-10: 9780133065626, ISBN-13: 978-0133065626

Chapter 1

Multiple Choice

  1. What is the MOST common emergency to occur in the dental office?
  2. Mild allergic reaction
  3. Angina
  4. Syncope
  5. Anaphylaxis
  6. All of the following procedures will help to prevent an emergency in a dental office EXCEPT:
  7. accurate medical history taking.
  8. taking and recording vital signs.
  9. updating the medical emergency kit.
  10. If a patient responds positively on his or her medical history to epilepsy, you will need to be on the lookout for:
  11. dyspnea.
  12. hypoglycemia.
  13. seizures.
  14. none of the above.
  15. All of the following questions should be asked of a patient who provides a positive response on the medical history for asthma EXCEPT:
  16. severity of attacks.
  17. frequency of attacks.
  18. trigger of attacks.
  19. all of the above questions should be asked.
  20. A patient with an incapacitating systemic disease that is a constant threat to life would be categorized as:
  21. ASA I.
  22. ASA II.
  23. ASA III.
  24. ASA IV.
  25. A patient that has stable angina or well-controlled Type I diabetes would be considered:
  26. ASA I.
  27. ASA II.
  28. ASA III.
  29. ASA IV.
  30. The next MOST available person to the operator whose patient is experiencing an emergency is responsible for:
  31. recording events of the emergency.
  32. contacting EMS.
  33. retrieving the emergency kit.
  34. preparing drugs from the kit for use.
  35. In the REPAIR system for the management of medical emergencies the “I” refers to:
  36. recognizing the signs and symptoms.
  37. evaluating the patient’s level of consciousness.
  38. positioning the patient appropriately.
  39. implementing the appropriate emergency protocol.
  40. Which of the following is a contributing factor in the increase in medical emergencies in the dental setting?
  41. Decreasing age of the population
  42. Advances in healthcare
  43. Advances in dentistry
  44. None of the above
  45. Patient vital signs include all of the following EXCEPT:
  46. pulse.
  47. respiration.
  48. blood pressure.
  49. weight.

True/False

  1. Patients who are tachycardic or bradycardic are less likely to experience a medical emergency in the dental office than those that have a normal heart rhythm.

True

False

  1. For patients taking corticosteroids the operator needs to be alert to the signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency.

True

False

  1. Patients who are tachypnic may be more likely to experience a medical emergency.

True

False

  1. A patient who can walk up two flights of stairs or two city blocks would be considered in the ASA III category.

True

False

  1. Current CPR is necessary to be able to treat almost any medical emergency.

True

False

Fill in the Blank

  1. _________________ % of medical emergencies in the dental office are due to a mild allergic reaction.
  2. _________________ of all medical emergencies in the dental office are life threatening.
  3. If a patient states they have a bleeding disorder the operator needs to be alert to _________________ during patient treatment.
  4. A patient with a mild systemic disease would be considered in the _________________ category.
  5. Two important pieces of equipment needed for use during a medical emergency are a/an _________________ and a/an _________________.

Short Answer

  1. Explain the responsibility of each dental staff person during a medical emergency using the emergency team structure recommended in the text.
  2. Explain the ASA Classification system.

Chapter 2

Multiple Choice

  1. All of the following should be taken into account when developing an emergency kit EXCEPT:
  2. proximity to emergency department.
  3. proximity to EMS.
  4. familiarity of dental team with kit contents.
  5. age of dental team members.
  6. Which of the following drugs is used for a severe allergic reaction?
  7. Albuterol
  8. Chlorpheneramine
  9. Epinephrine
  10. None of the above
  11. Which is the only emergency for which oxygen is NOT usually recommended?
  12. Anaphylaxis
  13. Hyperventilation
  14. Hypoglycemia
  15. Asthma attack
  16. Nitroglycerine is indicated for all of the following emergencies EXCEPT:
  17. cerebrovascular accident.
  18. acute angina.
  19. myocardial infarction.
  20. heart failure.
  21. Albuterol:
  22. is administered intramuscularly.
  23. has a quick onset.
  24. lasts about 30 minutes.
  25. the adult dose is one spray and should not be repeated.
  26. The appropriate dosage of aspirin for use in an MI is:
  27. 81 mg.
  28. 162 mg.
  29. one baby aspirin.
  30. one-half baby aspirin.

7  An unconscious patient suffering from severe hypoglycemia should receive:

  1. oral carbohydrate.
  2. SoluCortef IM.
  3. glucagon IM.
  4. nitroglycerine sublingually.
  5. What is the pediatric dose of diphenhydramine?
  6. 1 mg/kg of body weight
  7. 2 mg/kg of body weight
  8. 3 mg/kg of body weight
  9. 4 mg/kg of body weight
  10. An automated external defibrillator is an additional item for the emergency kit to care for which emergency?
  11. Asthma attack
  12. Cardiac arrest
  13. Broken instrument tip
  14. Anaphylaxis

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