Test Bank For Microbiology An Evolving Science 4th Edition By Foster

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Edition: 4th Edition

Format: Downloadable ZIP File

Resource Type: Test bank

Duration: Unlimited downloads

Delivery: Instant Download

Test Bank For Microbiology An Evolving Science 4th Edition By Foster

ISBN-10: 0393614034, ISBN-13: 978-0393614039

CHAPTER 1: Microbial Life: Origin and Discovery

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Viruses are
a. infectious agents that infect exclusively multicellular organisms.
b. noncellular particles that take over the metabolism of a cell to generate more virus particles.
c. pathogens that replicate in complex growth media.
d. cellular particles that belong to the archaea domain.
e. microbes that consist of lipid membrane–enclosed genomes.

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.1

OBJ:   1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe | 1.1b List examples of microbes

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Analysis of DNA sequences reveals
a. the ancient convergence of two cell types (i.e., prokaryotes and eukaryotes).
b. that prokaryotes and eukaryotes evolved from a common ancestral cell.
c. that bacteria share a common ancestor with archaea but not with eukarya.
d. that prokaryotes are cells with a nucleus.
e. that the genome of Haemophilus influenzae has about 2 billion base pairs.

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.1

OBJ:   1.1d Explain the implications of microbial genome sequencing

MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Which of these groups are considered to be microbes but NOT considered to be cells?
a. viruses d. protists
b. bacteria e. filamentous fungi
c. archaea

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.1

OBJ:   1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe | 1.1c Describe some problems with the definition of a microbe           MSC:              Understanding

 

  1. A microbe is commonly defined as a ________ that requires a microscope to be seen.
a. virus d. multicellular eukaryote
b. bacterium e. living organism
c. single-cellular prokaryote

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.1

OBJ:   1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe                           MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Which one of the following statements regarding microbial cells is FALSE?
a. Microbial cells acquire food, gain energy to build themselves, and respond to environmental change.
b. Most single-celled organisms require a microscope to render them visible, but some bacterial cells are large enough to be seen with naked eyes.
c. Microbes function as individual entities.
d. Many microbes form complex multicellular assemblages.
e. Viruses are not considered microbial cells.

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.1

OBJ:   1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe                           MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. A genome is the total genetic information contained in an organism’s chromosomal DNA.
b. If a microbe’s genome includes genes for nitrogenase, that microbe probably can fix nitrogen.
c. By comparing DNA sequences of different organisms, we can figure out how closely related they are.
d. Fred Sanger developed the first applicable DNA sequencing method.
e. Fred Sanger completed the sequences of Haemophilus influenzae.

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.1

OBJ:   1.1d Explain the implications of microbial genome sequencing

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The first cellular genomes to be sequenced were those of
a. humans. d. prions.
b. bacteria. e. fungi.
c. viruses.

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.1

OBJ:   1.1d Explain the implications of microbial genome sequencing

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The environment of early Earth may have contained all of the following EXCEPT
a. ferrous iron. d. oxygen.
b. methane. e. hydrogen gas.
c. ammonia.

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Special Topic 1.1

OBJ:   1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe                           MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The development of the theory of the “RNA world” resulted from the discovery of
a. archaea. d. ribozymes.
b. prions. e. endosymbionts.
c. bacteria.

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   1.6

OBJ:   1.6b Explain how studies on microbes fostered our knowledge of DNA function and enhanced DNA technology           MSC:              Remembering

 

  1. What is the evidence that living cells existed on Earth up to 3.8 billion years ago?
a. microfossils d. Martian folded rock formations
b. 16S ribosomal RNA e. diatom shells
c. Miller and Urey’s experiments

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   Special Topic 1.1

OBJ:   1.5a Explain why microbes can be challenging to classify taxonomically | 1.5b Outline how microbial classification has changed over time                   MSC:              Remembering

 

  1. What did van Leeuwenhoek discover using microscopic observations before and after drinking hot beverages?
a. Heat did not kill microbes.
b. Heat killed microbes.
c. Heat did not kill algae.
d. Caffeine in coffee killed microbes.
e. The existence of spiral-shaped microbes.

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   1.2

OBJ:   1.2b Explain why the microscope is an important tool in the field of microbiology | 1.2c Identify the contributions of the following individuals: Nightingale, Hooke, van Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, and Tyndall                             MSC:              Analyzing

 

  1. Tyndall’s spontaneous generation experiments occasionally failed due to
a. nutrient chirality. d. lack of oxygen.
b. dust. e. endospores.
c. fermentation.

ANS:  E                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.2

OBJ:   1.2d Compare and contrast Spallanzani’s, Pasteur’s, and Tyndall’s experiments that tested spontaneous generation                           MSC:             Analyzing

 

  1. The discovery of microbes occurred in the ________ century?
a. seventeenth d. twentieth
b. eighteenth e. twenty-first
c. nineteenth

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy               REF:   1.2

OBJ:   1.2b Explain why the microscope is an important tool in the field of microbiology

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Robert Koch won the Nobel Prize for his contribution to medical bacteriology regarding
a. Escherichia coli. d. rabies.
b. Bacillus subtilis. e. smallpox.
c. Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   1.3                 OBJ:   1.3b List Koch’s postulates

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. How did European invaders to North America kill much of the native population?
a. tuberculosis d. HIV
b. leprosy e. bubonic plague
c. smallpox

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Medium         REF:   1.2

OBJ:   1.2a List both positive and negative impacts that microbes have had on human history

MSC:  Understanding

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