Test Bank For Nutritional Foundations and Clinical Applications 7th Edition by Grodner
Chapter 01: Wellness Nutrition
1. Examples of informal education include
- attending a workshop on coronary artery disease sponsored by the American HeartAssociation.
- watching a television show about diabetes.
- learning about food safety techniques in a high school economics course.
- joining a support group to help overcome an eating disorder.
Watching a television show about diabetes is an example of informal education because it is an experience that occurs through a daily activity. Attending a workshop or joining a support group would be considered nonformal education; a high school course would be considered formal education.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Applying REF: Page 13
TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance
2. A college student exercises regularly and generally eats a healthy variety of foods, is taking a
course in general nutrition, buys locally produced food whenever possible, is an active
member of an on-campus faith-based organization, and keeps a journal to help process her
emotions. What else could be important for her to include in her life in order to develop her
- Growing some of her own food
- Keeping a food record to help evaluate what she eats
- Eating meals with friends throughout the week
- Meeting with a registered dietitian to review her food choices
Wellness enhances a person’s level of health through development of each of the six dimensions of health: physical health, intellectual health, emotional health, social health, spiritual health, and environmental health. Exercise and eating a healthy variety of foods help develop physical health; taking a course in general nutrition helps develop intellectual health; buying locally produced food helps develop environmental health; being part of a faith-based organization helps develop spiritual health; and keeping a journal helps develop emotional health. The missing dimension in this example is development of social health; eating meals with friends throughout the week would add this dimension. Growing her own food would be another example of environmental health; keeping a food record would be another contributor to physical health; and meeting with a registered dietitian may contribute to physical, intellectual, and emotional health.
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TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance
3. For a client who is missing meals because of poor planning or is too busy to eat, emotional health can be affected by _____, which can cause confusion or anxiety.
Nutritional Foundations and Clinical Applications 7th Edition Grodner Test Bank
- low blood sugar levels
- high blood sugar levels
- high blood pressure
- extremely low blood pressure
Poor eating habits affect emotional health. Missing meals may cause blood sugar levels to decrease, which can cause anxiety or confusion or make difficult to control emotions. Late night binges on snack food are likely to result in excessive energy intake but would have a less direct effect on emotional health. Eating small meals throughout the day is likely to maintain more constant blood sugar levels, which would actually have a positive effect on emotional health. Excessive caffeine consumption may contribute to anxiety, but 2 cups of caffeinated coffee is not considered excessive.
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TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity
4. The best example of the type of concern that is likely to be addressed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services when target goals for Healthy People 2030 are updated is
- preference for vegetarian eating patterns among white women.
- low intake of fruits and vegetables by African American children.
- widespread use of bottled water in higher socioeconomic groups.
- common use of protein and vitamin supplements in athletes.
Healthy People is used to set targets for health promotion to improve the health of all
individuals. It addresses environmental and social issues that affect health outcomes. Low
intake of fruits and vegetableNs byRAfIricaGn ABm.erCicanMchildren is likely to have an adverse USNT O
effect on their health and so may be addressed when target goals are set. Vegetarian eating patterns, use of bottled water, and use of protein and vitamin supplements do not necessarily have an adverse effect on nutritional health and so are less likely to be addressed.
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TOP: Nursing Process: Planning MSC: Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance